OPEN! Methods and tools for community-based product development
The French-German research project "OPEN! Methods and tools for community-based product development" aimed at:
- understanding open source product development, showing concrete evidence of this emerging practice and delivering detailed description of the phenomenon;
- modelling the open source product development process as an alternative to well-anchored industrial product development processes;
- providing concrete process support in the form of methods and IT-tools. It will particularly be focused on the concept of a open design platform.
The project lasted from March 2016 to September 2019 and was co-financed by the German and the French national research foundations DFG and ANR.
The follow-on project OPEN!NEXT (see under https://opennext.eu/) will continue the work done in OPEN!. Until further notice here this page will remain active.
- 1 Upcoming event
- 2 Contents of the wiki
- 3 Research programme
- 4 Project partners and staff
- 5 Publications
- 6 Want to participate?
- 7 Contact
First International workshop on Open Design and Open Source Hardware Product Development
- 5-6 March 2020 Grenoble (France) "LINK"
Contents of the wiki
All along the project, we will use this wiki to share results and data with the open source hardware community. Check for example the following pages:
- The page "A guide to Open Source Hardware" summarizes the best practices of product-related data sharing we have observed so far
- The page "List of open source hardware products" database that provides a large collection of products released under open source licences
- The page "Open-O-meter" defines a scale for measuring the "openness" of open source hardware
- The page "Who is behind open source hardware?" presents archetypal representations of participants in open source product development projects
- A Glossary of terms used in the project
- Our invitation page for the "Open Source Hardware Collaboration Survey - how people work together to design open source products" (results will follow here in due course)
The aim of the project is to characterize current practices of open source product development in order to develop concrete guidance to support design process efficiency of open source product development projects. It focuses particularly on:
- the organizational and business environment of open design projects: What business models can be built based on open design? What are the motivational drivers of project contributors and what are the different roles they may play? How is governance implemented? Through what regulation mechanisms are decisions taken?
- the open source product development process: What can ensure an efficient distribution of design tasks in a loosely-coupled organization? What validation mechanisms ensure the approval or rejection of individuals` contributions? How to ensure that contributions converge and let emerge a sufficiently designed product?
- the supporting information systems: What structure of product data information is adapted to a decentralized organization of design tasks? What capabilities should offer an online collaborative design platform to support the efficient collaboration of distant designers? What is the typology of information and intermediary objects to be stored and edited online to ensure building a common understanding between project contributors?
Project partners and staff
TU Berlin, Chair of Industrial Information Technology
TU Berlin, Chair of Quality Science
University of Bath, Department of Mechanical Engineering
- Bonvoisin, J., Kerstin Carola Schmidt, "Best Practices of Open Source Mechanical Hardware - A guide with practical advice for sharing product-related documentation – Version 1.0."
- DIN SPEC 3105-1 "Open Source Hardware - Requirements for Technical Documentation" and 3105-2 "Open Source Hardware - Peer-certification" (in writing). For further reference, see "Business Plan - DIN SPEC 3105: Open SOurce Hardware."
Peer reviewed scientific publications
- Boujut, J., Pourroy, F., Marin, P., Dai, J., & Richardot, G. 2019. "Open Source Hardware Communities: Investigating Participation in Design Activities". Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, 1(1), 2307-2316.
- Dai, X., Jean-François Boujut, Franck Pourroy, P. Marin. 2019. "Correlation between process openness and collaboration tool usage in open source hardware design: an empirical study". International Journal for Interactive Design and Manufacturing (IJIDeM)", pp 1–9.
- Bonvoisin, J., Robert Mies. 2018. “Measuring Openness in Open Source Hardware with the Open-o-Meter”, Procedia CIRP 78:388-393, ISSN 2212-8271, , 6th CIRP Global Web Conference, October 23rd to 25th
- Bonvoisin, J., Tom Buchert, Maurice Preidel, Rainer Stark. 2018. “How participative is open source hardware? Insights from online repository mining”. Design Science, 4, E19.
- Muschard, B., Jérémy Bonvoisin. “The CubeFactory2 - an off-grid and portable mini-factory”, accepted for publication in Journal of Open Hardware, in edition.
- Mies, R., J. Bonvoisin, and R. Jochem. 2019. “Harnessing the Synergy Potential of Open Source Hardware Communities.” In: Co-Creation - Reshaping Business and Society in the Era of Bottom-up Economics, T. Redlich, M. Moritz, J. P. Wulfsberg (eds.), Management for Professional Series, Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-97787-4.
- Mies, R., J. Bonvoisin, L. von Damaros, R. Jochem. 2019. „Qualitätsverbesserung in Open-Source-Hardware-Communities“. In: Schmitt R. (Hrsg.) Potenziale Künstlicher Intelligenz für die Qualitätswissenschaft. S. 57-72. Springer Vieweg, Berlin, Heidelberg. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-60692-6_4.
- Bonvoisin, J., Robert Mies, Rainer Stark and Jean-François Boujut. 2017. “What is the source of open source hardware?” Journal of Open Hardware 1(1), p.5.
- Bonvoisin, J., L. Thomas, R. Mies, C. Gros, R. Stark, K. Samuel, R. Jochem, and J.-F. Boujut. 2017. Current state of practices in open source product development. In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vol. 2: Design Processes | Design Organisation and Management, Vancouver, Canada, 21.-25.08.2017, ISBN 978-1-904670-90-2, p. 111-120.
- Kostakis, V., Latoufis, K., Liarokapis, M., & Bauwens, M. The Convergence of Digital Commons with Local Manufacturing from a Degrowth Perspective: Two Illustrative Cases. Journal of Cleaner Production. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.09.077. In press.
- Thomas, Laetitia, and Karine Samuel. 2017. “Characteristics of Open Source Business Models.”, XXVII ISPIM Innovation Conference - Composing the Innovation Symphony, Vienna, Austria, 18-21 June 2017.
- Bonvoisin, J., R. Mies, R. Jochem, and R. Stark. 2017. Vielfalt und Stand der Open-Source-Hardware. In: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven zur Zukunft der Wertschöpfung, J. Wülfsberg, T. Redlich and M. Moritz (eds.). ISBN 978-3-658-20264-4. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
- Bonvoisin, J., L. Thomas, C. Gros, R. Mies, R. Stark, K. Samuel, R. Jochem, and J.-F. Boujut., "Practices in the design of open source products by online communities", 15e Colloque National AIP-Priméca, La Plagne (73) – 12 au 14 avril 2017.
- Bonvoisin, Jérémy, Robert Mies, Roland Jochem, and Rainer Stark. 2016. "Theorie Und Praxis in der Open-Source-Produktentwicklung." In: 1. Interdisziplinäre Konferenz zur Zukunft der Wertschöpfung – Konferenzband, J. Wülfsberg, T. Redlich and M. Moritz (eds.), ISBN 978-3-86818-091-6. This contribution received a best paper award.
- Bonvoisin, J., Boujut, J.F., 2015 "Open design platforms for open source product development: current state and requirements," Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 15), Vol 8: Innovation and Creativity, Milan, Italy, 27-30.07.15, pp. 11-22. This contribution received a best paper award.
- Bonvoisin, J. K. Galla, S. Prendeville. 2017. "Design Principles for Do-It-Yourself Production." In: Campana G., Howlett R., Setchi R., Cimatti B. (eds) Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2017, 77-86. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 68. Springer, Cham.
- Bonvoisin, J., 2016. Implications of Open Source Design for Sustainability. In: Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2016, Volume 52 of the series Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, R. Setchi, R. J. Howlett, Y. Liu, P. Theobald (Eds.), pp 49-59, Springer.
- Bonvoisin, J. 2017. "Limits of Ecodesign: The Case for Open Source Product Development." International Journal of Sustainable Engineering 0 (0): 1–9.
- Tech, Robin P. G. and Send, Hendrik and Neumann, Konstanze, Central components of open business models. What makes an open business model open?. HIIG Discussion Paper Series No. 2017-08
- Jean-François Boujut, The Emerging Phenomenon of Open Source Hardware Design, Invited talk at JAIST world conference (JWC2019) Advanced Design Creativity Track, Mar 2019, Kanasawa, Japan
- Why open source hardware fails, by Lars Zimmermann, Open Tech Summit, Potsdam, MAy 25th 2017.
- What is the "source" of open source hardware?, by Kerstin Carola Schmidt, Open Tech Summit, Potsdam, MAy 25th 2017.
- What is the "source" of open source hardware?, Wevolver Hardware News, 09.11.2017
- Introducing the Observatory of Open Source Hardware, Blog de la Fabrique des Mobilités, 12.10.2017
- Introducing the Do-It-Yourself Bicycle, Public Awareness Video, posted on Youtube 21.11.2013.
They talk about us
- Open Source Hardware Collaboration Survey – How people work together to design open source products, P2P Foundation blog, 10.11.2017, by Alekos Pantazis
- TU Berlin: Umfrage zu Offener Hardware, Heise online / Make:, 01.11.2017, by Helga Hansen
- Hybrid platform news, 11.05.2017
Want to participate?
Check our participative projects:
- Upload information of open source hardware projects and how well they are documented on our OHO Project Directory.
- Development of an open source vegetable dryer, on GitHub.
- Featured Open Source Pilot Project with pour partner Raidlight. The objective of this community-based product development project is to redesign three products of the company's portfolio.
- Formalizing the Best Practices of Open Source Mechanical Hardware, a guide with practical advice for sharing product-related documentation.
+33 (0) 4 76 57 47 06
Technische Universität Berlin
Institute for Machine Tools and Factory Management
Chair of Industrial Information Technology
+49 (30) 314-25930