List of open source hardware products

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This page provides a list of existing open source hardware products we gathered along our research. The objective for us was to be able to look at existing practices so we can better understand what is open source hardware.

Products listed hereafter have been identified by using common internet search engines, screening social networks, and interviewing experts on conferences. Although we think this list well covers the field of existing open source hardware products, we do not claim any exhaustiveness. In order to highlight the development of open source hardware outside the sphere of electronic hardware (which is the focus of our research project), this list particularly focuses on non-electronic hardware. See the section "selection criteria" for more information.

In the table hereafter, products are assessed according to criteria that are described at the end of the page. As the field of open source hardware is moving rapidly, we can not exclude that some parts of the data presented hereafter are obsolete in spite of our efforts to maintain this database. In order to address this problem, we are working on the development of an open database that could be filled out by any interested person. Work in progress...

We hope this list provides interesting insights for researchers or practitioners willing to get an overview of today's existing open source hardware projects.

Selection criteria

The products of this list have been selected according to the following criteria:

  • The product is a discrete manufactured product. Products of food and process industries such as yoghurt, cement, chemicals or plastic compounds are excluded.
  • The product contains at least original tangible and non-electronic hardware, that is, mechanical or any other type of non-electronic physical element (e.g. textile). The product may eventually include electronical hardware and consequently software. Purely electronic hardware or software products such as Arduino or Linux are excluded. The piece of non-electronic hardware is 'original' in the sense that it is a creation of the product originator and is not component bought on the shelf. This criterion aims at bringing the development of open source hardware to the foreground and outside the sphere of electronic hardware.
  • The product must have at least a certain minimum complexity. Products which consist for example of only one part or material do not meet this criterion. Products such as business card holders or cell phone cases made of one unique 3D-printed part are out of scope. The objective is here to bring to the foreground those of the open source products that are on the upper side of the complexity scale. In other words: to select the few complex ones and let aside the myriad of simple ones (you can for example find on Thingiverse or similar platforms).
  • The product is developed for functional rather than aesthetic purposes. Jewellery, artistic and decorative items do not fulfil this criterion and therefore were not included.
  • The product is fully defined or is surrounded by a community working on defining it fully (i.e. so that you can actually produce it). Mere product ideas or concepts that are not intended to be further defined by the surrounding community are not considered. In that sense, the focus of this list is clearly different from those of challenge platforms such as OpenIDEO who focuses solely on concept generation.
  • The product is labeled by its corresponding community as open source.
  • Although there is not systematically 1:1 relations between product, project and community, only one product per project and per community is considered.

List

Disclaimer: the content of this table is the result of our own information search, for which we do not claim for exhaustivity. Therefore:

  • there might be more information available online about the project we listed than what we found;
  • there are certainly more open source hardware products satisfying the criteria selected above than contained in this list.
  • even though this list is regularly updated, due to the rapid transformations of projects we cannot ensure all the links being up to date. If you come accross a dead link, feel free to remove the link from the list!

(for more information about the criteria used in this table, see section "classification criteria" at the bottom of the page)

Index Product name Product category Product description Project status Contains non-electronic hardware Contains electronic hardware Contains software Development stage CAD repository Assemby instructions Bill of materials Contributing guide Editable CAD Editable assembly instructions Editable bill of materials License License allowing commmercial use Open-O-meter
1 OSE LifeTrac 5 agriculture tractor active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 8
2 RepRap Mendel machine tools 3D printer active DIY production GNU General Public License 8
3 Zoybar musical instruments guitar active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 3
4 VIA OpenBook computers laptop inactive concept CC BY-SA 3.0 2
5 Local motors' Rallye Fighter vehicles & parts car active commercial/full product CC BY-NC-SA 1
6 Open structures' OpenCargoBike vehicles & parts cargo bike active prototype no licensing information available 3
7 Open source beehives agriculture beehive active DIY production GNU General Public License, CC BY-SA 7
8 Zoetrope power & electrical supplies wind turbine inactive DIY production CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 4
9 Wikispeed car vehicles & parts car active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 7
10 OScar vehicles & parts car inactive concept no licensing information available 0
11 OSVehicle - Tabby evo vehicles & parts car active prototype CC BY-SA 4.0 3
12 Andre cars vehicles & parts car active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 4
13 c,mm,n vehicles & parts car inactive prototype CC BY-SA 3.0 1
14 eCorolla vehicles & parts car inactive concept CC BY-SA 3.0 2
15 XYZ Spaceframe vehicles vehicles & parts bicycle active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 3
16 Multimachine machine tools machine tool inactive DIY production no licensing information available 3
17 Wikihouse construction house active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 3.0 5
18 OSWash laundry appliances washing machine inactive concept no licensing information available 1
19 Apertus Axiom Beta camera & optic camera active commercial/full product GNU General Public License 4
20 ng.uavp toys & games quadcopter active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 CH 6
21 Aeroquad toys & games quadcopter active commercial/kit MIT License 8
22 Uzebox toys & games game console active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 3.0 4
23 Open ECG medical equipment electro-cardiograph inactive DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 4
24 OpenPCR medical equipment PRC thermocycle active commercial/kit GNU General Public License 6
25 OpenEEG medical equipment electro-encephalograph active prototype GNU General Public License 4
26 echOpen medical equipment ultrasound stethoscope active prototype GNU General Public License 7
27 BioNico medical equipment prosthetic hand active prototype CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 1
28 osloom machine tools jacquard loom inactive prototype CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 0
29 Bloombot machine tools hydroponic gardening system inactive DIY production GNU General Public License 3
30 OpenKnit machine tools Knitting machine inactive DIY production GNU General Public License 5
31 AeroSeeD micro-eolienne power & electrical supplies wind turbine inactive DIY production 2D drawings & 3D models: TARP OHL, Documentation: GNU Free Documentation Licence • (documentation) 6
32 Fab@Home machine tools 3D printer inactive DIY production BSD License 5
33 Ultimaker 2 machine tools 3D printer active commercial/full product CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 5
34 Pandora toys & games game console active DIY production license depending on part not all parts 7
35 Lasersaur machine tools laser cutter active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 4.0 6
36 LuzBot Taz 5 machine tools 3D printer active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 4.0 5
37 Lyman Filament Extruder machine tools waste plastic extruder active DIY production CC (unspecified) 3
38 OpenDesk's Lean Desk furniture table active commercial/full product different licenses 4
39 OpenROV robotics submarine robot active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 4.0 8
40 InMoov robotics humanoid robot active prototype CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 3
41 Film-Retter Inline cleaner film & television super 8 film cleaner active commercial/kit CC BY 2.0 3
42 myphotonics science & laboratory optomechanic workbenches active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 5
43 Ultrascope camera & optic telescope active DIY production CERN Open Hardware Licence 5
44 Open wheels vehicles & parts segway active DIY production CC BY-SA 2.5 4
45 Hovalin musical instruments violin active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 4.0 4
46 µDelta machine tools 3D printer active commercial/kit CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 4
47 Open Gigabot machine tools 3D printer active commercial/full product GNU GPL 3.0 5
48 Plen robotics humanoid robot active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 3.0 6
49 Sunzilla power & electrical supplies solar generator active DIY production CERN Open Hardware Licence 5
50 ShapeOko machine tools carving machine active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 6
51 X-carve machine tools carving machine active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 4.0 6
52 Double Pendulum entertainment museum exhibits active prototype CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 1
53 Velocar vehicles & parts velomobile active concept CC BY-SA 4.0 5
54 Hexy robotics hexapod robot active commercial/kit CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 4
55 iCub robotics humanoid robot active DIY production GNU General Public License 8
56 NimbRo-OP robotics humanoid robot active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 2
57 Poppy robotics humanoid robot active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 8
58 Carla Cargo vehicles & parts cargo bikes active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 4.0 8
59 Tinker bike vehicles & parts motorbike inactive prototype no licensing information available 0
60 Knitic machine tools Knitting machine active commercial/kit GNU General Public License 4
61 Automatic Bartender party supplies drink making robot inactive prototype CC BY-SA 4.0 3
62 Eletric eel wheel machine tools spinning wheel active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 3.0 6
63 Two-Stroke Diesel Engine vehicles & parts diesel engine active concept no licensing information available 0
64 GEK Gasifier power & electrical supplies gasifier active commercial/full product CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 6
65 Precious plastic machine tools waste plastic recycling machines active DIY production MIT License 6
66 Tiny boy machine tools 3D printer active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 6
67 Farm Hack's Root washer agriculture Root washer active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 3
68 OpenBugFarm agriculture bug farm kit active DIY production CERN Open Hardware Licence 5
69 Recyclebot machine tools waste plastic recycling machines active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 8
70 Open-Source Robotic Leg medical equipment robotic leg for researchers active prototype GNU GPL 1
71 open beam construction aluminium profiles active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 4.0 3
72 rBot machine tools 3D printer active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 3
73 open source roaster machine tools coffee roaster active prototype CC BY-SA 4.0 2
74 Guest studio 240 sf construction house active concept CC BY-SA 4.0 4
75 NMR Relaxometry Platform science & laboratory NMR Relaxometry Platform active prototype CC BY-SA 4.0, GNU General Public License v.3 5
76 BCN3D Sigma machine tools 3D printer active commercial/full product CERN Open Hardware Licence 5
77 Aker wormhouse agriculture wormhouse kit for urban gardening active commercial/full product CC BY-SA 4.0 6
78 Shower loop plumbing Shower active prototype CERN Open Hardware Licence 4
79 Kit zéro Km clothing jeans active commercial/full product CC BY 3.0 2
80 The Fair Cap food & beverages carriers water filtering bottle cap active prototype no licensing information available 1
81 FarmBot agriculture CNC Farming machine active prototype MIT License 8
82 Le Petit COOL agriculture personal smart greenhouse active prototype GNU General Public License 1
83 Raptor Hand medical equipment hand prosthetics active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 5
84 Arbalet entertainment LED table active DIY production GNU General Public License 8
85 Waterzilla food & beverages carriers portable water purification device active prototype no licensing information available 2
86 L'atelier s'adapte / table à langer furniture changing table active concept no licensing information available 1
87 Oggùn iron horse tractor agriculture tractor active prototype no licensing information available 0
88 Qrokee arts and crafts holographic tracing machine active prototype no licensing information available 0
89 3DMIN's PushPull musical instruments musical instrument active DIY production GNU General Public License 6
90 Tea Maker smart home home automation system active concept CC BY-SA 3.0 2
91 x0xb0x synthesizer synthesizer active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 5
92 Basiswerk OM 10 clockwork watches clockwork active prototype CC BY-SA 3.0 4
93 Thymio robotics educational robot active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 8
94 Multiplo robotics robotics building system inactive DIY production RobotGroup-Multiplo Pacifist License 6
95 Air Quality Egg measuring tool & sensor accessories air measuring device inactive DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 4
96 Prosthetic Hands medical equipment adaptive robot hands, prosthetic devices active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 5
97 ROFI robotics robot inactive DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 5
98 piccolo machine tools pocket-sized CNC-bot active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 7
99 POM vehicles & parts mass vehicle active concept no licensing information available 0
100 Dtto Modular Robot robotics modular exploration robot active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 4
101 ZenManEnergy power & electrical supplies Solar Steam electric power plant active concept CC BY-SA 3.0 5
102 Gaudi Labs medical equipment Generic Lab Equipment active DIY production GNU General Public License 5
103 ArduCopter toys & games quadcopter inactive DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 6
104 Open Source metal 3D printer machine tools 3D printer active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 6
105 RoboHand medical equipment prosthetic hand active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 3.0 4
106 Aquapioneers agriculture aquaponic systems active prototype CC BY-SA 4.0 1
107 OpenFlexure Microscope measuring tool & sensor accessories microscope active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 5
108 Micromanipulator measuring tool & sensor accessories micropositioning device active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 4
109 UV-mask medical equipment UV mask active concept not specified, non-commercial license 1
110 Parabolic solar hot water heater water heater accessories hot water heater active prototype CC BY-SA 3.0 2
111 F-F-Fiddle musical instruments 3D printable electric violin active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 7
112 EQ-1 Headphones headphone & headset Accessories headphones active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 3.0 5
113 handibot machine tool portable CNC tool active commercial/kit Panaka Open Hardware License 8
114 littleRP machine tools 3D printer active commercial/kit CC BY-SA 3.0 6
115 Protei watercraft shape shifting sailing robot active DIY production CERN Open Hardware Licence 6
116 Neurobytes toys & games electronic neurons active DIY production GNU GPL v.3 6
117 BCN3D Moveo robotics robot arm active DIY production MIT License 5
118 Aleph musical instruments sound computer active commercial/kit Unlicense 4
119 OpenPipe musical instruments Galician bagpipe active commercial/kit GNU General Public License 3.0 3
120 Helium audio components portable speaker inactive prototype GNU General Public License 3.0 5
121 AguaClara water treatment water treatment plant active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 2
122 Bicitractor agriculture pedal-powered tractor active DIY production CERN Open Hardware Licence 5
123 Hexayurt emergency tools & kits disaster relief shelter inactive DIY production open license (not specified) 6
124 SolarFlower power & electrical supplies solar energy collector inactive DIY production open license (not specified) 5
125 Bicycle mill machine tools pedal-powered milling machine active DIY production no licensing information available 4
126 EDAG Light Car vehicles & parts car inactive concept no licensing information available 0
127 The Spine skateboarding electric skateboard active commercial/kit CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 6
128 Vélo M² vehicles & parts stackable modules for cargo bikes active prototype no licensing information available 2
129 Xmaran watercraft sail cruiser inactive concept TARP Open Hardware Licence 1
130 UPSat antenna accessoires satellite active prototype CERN Open Hardware Licence 4
131 axCut machine tools laser cutter inactive DIY production no licensing information available 3
132 CNC1 machine tools desktop CNC router inactive DIY production CC BY-SA 2.5 5
133 Coffee Detonator kitchen appliance accessories coffee grinder active DIY production MIT License 3
134 Solar-OSE power & electrical supplies solar concentrator inactive DIY production GNU GPL 2.0, GNU GPL 3.0 and CC BY-SA 4.0 6
135 Archivist scanners book scanner active commercial/kit Public Domain 4
136 Rasa vehicles & parts car active prototype no licensing information available 0
137 Self Balancing Scooter vehicles & parts segway inactive DIY production no licensing information available 1
138 Eliodomestico water treatment solar household still inactive prototype CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 0
139 DIYLILCNC machine tools CNC mill active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 6
140 LAOS Laser machine tools laser engraver/cutter controller system active DIY production no licensing information available 4
141 MakerScanner machine tools 3D scanner active DIY production GNU General Public License 7
142 pwdr machine tools 3D printer active DIY production CC BY-NC 3.0 4
143 Plan B machine tools 3D printer inactive DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 5
144 Tantillus machine tools portable 3D printer inactive DIY production GNU GPL 3.0 5
145 FLOAT Beijing measuring tool & sensor accessories air quality measuring kite inactive DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 3
146 The Open Microscope measuring tool & sensor accessories microscope inactive DIY production no licensing information available 3
147 OpenWaterbike boating & water sports pedal boat inactive prototype no licensing information available 0
148 Electric Vehicle vehicles & parts electric vehicle platform inactive DIY production CC BY-NC 2.5 4
149 Toolbox for Opto-Mechanical Components science and laboratory opto-mechanical component active prototype , , CC BY 4.0 5
150 FABOOL Laser CO2 machine tools laser cutter active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 5
151 Underwater Glider autonomous underwater vehicle vehicles & parts active DIY production MIT Licence 5
152 Smart Greenhouse agriculture connected greenhouse active DIY production CC BY-SA 2.5 3
153 3D-printable micropipette measuring tool & sensor accessories micropipette active DIY production CC BY-NC 4.0 2
154 OpenFeeder Livestock Feeders & Waterers automatic feeder for animal experiments active DIY production CERN OHL v1.2 5
155 Gesture Keyboard electronics accessories gesture control device active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 4
156 Ai.Frame Apollo robotics humanoid robot active commercial/kit GNU GPL 3.0 4
157 uArm Metal robotics desktop robotic arm active commercial/kit no licensing information available 3
158 HACKberry medical equipment 3D-printed bionic hand active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 6
159 Photometric System for Enzymatic Nitrate Quantification science and laboratory enzymatic nitrate quantification system active DIY production CC BY 4.0 5
160 Opentrons science & laboratory pipetting robot active commercial/kit Apache License 6
161 Model T (Yale OpenHand Project) medical equipment prothestic hand inactive DIY production CC BY-NC 3.0 4
162 Smartphone to Digital Microscope Conversion science & laboratory microscope active DIY production CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 2
163 mobilecg medical equipment mobile electrocardiography device active prototype CC BY-SA 4.0 3
164 OPenT medical equipment optical tomography device active DIY production no licensing information available 3
165 Syringe Pump medical equipment syringe pump active DIY production CC BY-SA 3.0 7
166 Turbidimeter measuring tools & sensor accessories water quality measuring device active DIY production CC BY-SA 4.0 6

Classification criteria

  • Product name: the denomination of the product as given by its originators.
  • Product category: classification of the product according to the Google product taxonomy.
  • Product description: what the product is about.
  • Project status: is the community active or inactive. Two possibilities:
    • active: there are visible contributions that are not older than 1 year;
    • inactive: there are no visible contributions that are not older than 1 year.
  • Contains non-electronic hardware: whether the product contains non-electronic hardware components.
  • Contains electronic hardware: whether the product contains electronic hardware components.
  • Contains software: whether the product contains software components.
  • Development stage: stage of the product development process achieved. Five phases are considered in order of increased liability:
    • concept: There is only a concept that is still to be designed and developed;
    • prototype: The design phase has been completed and the first prototype was built;
    • DIY production: The product is fully described and can be made by interested parties themselves or replications of the product can be found;
    • kit production: The product is sold by a company as a complete kit;
    • manufacturing: The product is sold by a company as a finished product.
  • CAD files, Bill of materials and assembly instructions:
    • In case there are no or hardly any files accessible, projects remain in this list. This way we want to prove the existence of projects that have been open once and are not anymore and thus show that the process of open source hardware projects is a continuous one.
    • In case projects provide a link to the CAD repository, BOM or assembly instructions, but the files can only be accessed with a user account, the files are regarded not open as they are not accessible for everyone.
  • CAD repository: URL where CAD files (computer aided design) or blueprints of non-electronic hardware components are made available.
  • Assemby instructions: URL where assembly instructions can be found.
  • Bill of materials: URL where the bill of materials (also named part list) can be found.
  • Contributing guide: URL where the contribution guide of the surrounding development community can be found.
  • Editable CAD: whether the published CAD files are editable. CAD files are considered editable, if they are released in the original format. They are not considered editable if they are only released in an export format (such as PDF or STL) which do not allow further modifications to the 3D model. If a part of the design files is editable while the other part is not, design files are regarded to be editable.
  • Editable assembly instructions: whether the published assembly instructions are editable. Assembly instructions are considered editable, if they can be edited in a Web 2.0 environment or downloaded as editable files. A file is furthermore considered editable if it is released in its original format. It is not considered editable if it is only available in an export format (such as PDF).
  • Editable bill of materials: whether the published bill of materials is editable. A bill of materials is considered editable, if it can be edited in a Web. 2.0 environment or downloaded as an editable file. A file is furthermore considered editable if it is released in the original format. It is not considered editable if it is only available in an export format (such as PDF).
  • License: which license ist used. "No licensing information available", if searching on the project homepage, GitHub page, Wiki, assembly instructions & BoM and explicit looking for 'project name'+license with a search machine didn't lead to a result.
  • License allowing commercial use: all licenses except for CC BY-NC-SA.
  • Open-O-meter: see page "Open-O-meter".